10th International Conference on Neurological disorders & Stroke
Yeditepe Üniversity, Turkey
Title: Effects Of action observation training in upper limb functions on patients with neurological disorders: Systematic review
Biography: Damlasu Altınoz
Introduction: AOT (Action Observation Training) is a physical rehabilitation approach that provokes motor function improvement by activating the mirror neuron system.
Objective:This systematic review aims to assess whether action observation enhances upper limb motor performance in patients with neurological disorder.
Method: Trials were searched on The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and 4 more databases. Also, reference lists were screened for relevant articles. Risk of bias evaluated according to PEDro Scale. According to result of these scores the trials which have score least than 5 are excluded (range 0 –10 points, increasing score indicates increased quality).
Results:Fifteen RCTs, which met the criteria for inclusion were identified. According to that, 697 sample included.Ten studies proved the efficacy of AOT in functional recovery on upper limb in stroke (seven in chronic, three in subacute. However,only one study involving patients in the acute stroke showed significantly higher improvement of functional dexterity in the group performing the conventional therapy. Also, one study is suggested that AOT may be a promising approach in the rehabilitation of bradykinesia in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Other two studies also indicated that AOT improves upper limb motor function in children with cerebralpalsy. However, one study showed no difference between two groups in children with cerebral palsy.